27 October 2015
The Iran nuclear agreement (JCPOA) agreed by China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany (P5+1), the EU and Iran on 14 July, and endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231 on 20 July, requires that some sanctions on Iran are lifted, including the EU nuclear-related financial messaging restrictions that were exceptionally imposed on Iranian banks under EU Regulation in March 2012.
On 18 October, the EU Council adopted legislation, including a Council Implementing Regulation, which provides for the lifting of the related EU sanctions specified in the JCPOA, including these financial messaging restrictions.
The EU Implementing Legislation will take effect on "implementation day", a date that will be announced once the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has verified Iran's implementation of the nuclear-related measures set out in the JCPOA. Those banks that are delisted by the Implementing Regulation will then automatically be able to reconnect to SWIFT, following the completion of our normal connection process (i.e. administrative and systems checks, connectivity and technical arrangements).
The Implementing Regulation does not repeal all EU sanctions on all Iranian banks, therefore even when it comes into effect SWIFT will still be prohibited from providing specialised financial messaging services to the EU-sanctioned Iranian banks that remain listed under EU Regulation.
SWIFT is incorporated under Belgian law and has to comply with related EU regulation, as confirmed by the Belgian government. As a utility with a systemic global character, SWIFT has no authority to make sanctions decisions. Any decision to lift sanctions on countries or individual entities rests solely with the competent government bodies and legislators.