RMB internationalisation is increasingly fuelled by offshore countries beyond Hong Kong
SWIFT's RMB Tracker shows that offshore countries, excluding Hong Kong, represent 25% of RMB payments compared to 17% two years ago.
Brussels, 30 March 2015 - When it comes to handling global payments in Chinese Renminbi (‘RMB'), Hong Kong still takes the lion's share with over 70% of the market by value. However, over the last two years, an additional set of countries have given chase, gradually increasing their share to 25% in February 2015 compared to 17% in February 2013.
Singapore and London, which are strong financial centres in their respective regions, played a key role in driving RMB adoption outside of Hong Kong. In the last few months, there has also been acceleration in RMB usage with the emergence of other offshore RMB clearing centres worldwide, including several countries outside of Asia-Pacific. These additional clearing centres include Bangkok, Doha, Frankfurt, Kuala Lumpur, Luxembourg, Paris, Seoul, Toronto and more recently Sydney. They represent the largest share of offshore countries, excluding Hong Kong, using RMB for payments.
"The use of RMB by more countries, beyond Hong Kong, is a good testimony of the internationalisation of the Chinese currency", says Michael Moon, Head of Payments Asia-Pacific at SWIFT. "The global volume of payments in RMB will fluctuate, and is actually down by value compared to last month, but the broader support by more countries beyond Hong Kong, underlining its international use, suggests the potential for future clearing centres and further development of the currency".
In February 2015, the RMB fell back to position #7 as world payments currency with a share of 1.81%. This represents a decrease of 20.4% compared to last month, which is likely due to the seasonal effect of the Chinese New Year. Payments across all currencies decreased in value by 9.3% in that same period. The overall negative trend may be due to February being a shorter month.
About SWIFT and RMB Internationalisation
Since 2010, SWIFT has actively supported its customers and the financial industry regarding RMB internationalisation through various publications and reports. Through its Business Intelligence Solutions team, SWIFT publishes key adoption statistics in the RMB Tracker, insights on the implications of RMB internationalisation, perspectives on RMB clearing and offshore clearing guidelines, supports bank's commercial RMB product launches and provides in-depth analysis and business intelligence, as well as engaging with offshore clearing centres and the Chinese financial community to support the further internationalisation of the RMB.
The SWIFT network fully supports global RMB transactions, and its messaging services enable Chinese character transportation via Chinese Commercial Code (CCC) in FIN or via Chinese characters in MX (ISO 20022 messages). It offers a suite of dedicated RMB business intelligence products and services to support financial institutions and corporates. In addition, SWIFT collaborates with the community to publish the Offshore and Cross-Border RMB Best Practice Guidelines, which facilitate standardised RMB back office operations.
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